ִҵҩʦÿһ

ҩѧ

ҩѧרҵ֪ʶһ

һѡ

1.״ǣ

A.ᣬ͸㣬ζ΢

B.ᣬʼӲƽԳʽ΢ζ΢ɬ

C.ᣬʼӲ治ƽ̹άԣɫ򵭻ưɫ΢ζ΢ɬ

D.أʼӲƽԷԣɫɫҰɫ΢ζ

E.أʼӲ۶ϣɫ΢йƽǣζʡ΢

2.ڷ״ǣ

A.ҩijʲԲΡԲλ״

B.浭һɫ

C.أʼʵ

D.ƽ̹ԣнϡķ״

E.΢ζ

3.Դڣ

A.ޤ

B.

C.ëݢ

D.

E.ڿ

4.ӺIJؼӹǣ

A.ɹ

B.ɹ

C.͸ɹ

D.ȥƤɹ

E.ǡްʱɹ

5.Ӻǣ

A.

B.

C.

D.ɽ

E.㽭

6.ijҩijԲΣŤ10~20cm,ֱ0.5~1cm浭һɫػɫͷ󣬿ɼɫɫ״еҶлܼ״ͻ𡣶ƤưɫľɫҩУǣ

A.

B.

C.ɳ

D.

E.

ѡ

A.Ҷ

B.Ҷ

C.ޤҶ

D.Ҷ

E.Ҷ

1.С֦ƽҶϸСƬ״֦ϵҩǣ

2.ϱɫɫ±Ұɫëҩǣ

3.ϱɫɫɫϹ⻬±ܱɫëҩǣ

4.ϱ氵ɫխҶ״ҩǣ

ѡ

1.йҩ䡷ƳɷΪ㶹ɷֵҩǣ

A.Ƥ

B.

C.ǰ

D.

E.֬

2.ƤЧɷǣ

A.

B.

C.Ҷ

D.Ҷ

E.Ҷ

3.йҩ䡷涨Ƥĺⶨָɷǣ

A.Ƥ

B.Ƥ

C.

D.

E.ɽͷ

4.йҩ䡷涨ǰĺⶨָɷǣ

A.׻ǰ

B.׻ǰ

C.ϻǰ

D.ϻǰ

E.ϻǰ

ġ𰸼

һѡ𰸼

1.CҩΪijο״֦ʽ״10~20cm,ֱ2~4cmںɫغɫֲڲƽмӲϸԲοնľۣڱ״;氼͹ƽۡᣬʼӲ۶ϣ治ƽ̹϶άԣɫ򵭻ưɫ΢ζ΢ɬ

2.DҩijʲԲΡԲλ״5~10cm,ֱ1~5cm浭һɫݺṵɽ״أʼʵƽ̹Ұɫ(Dѡ)нϡķ״ζࡣ

3.DΪѿֲĸ

4.EӺijҶήʱڣ÷ˮǡްʱɹɡ

5.EӺΪζ֮һ㽭

6.EҩijԲΣŤ10~20cmֱ0.5~1cm浭һɫػɫơ᳤Ƥͻ֧ۡͷ󣬿ɼɫɫ״еҶлܼ״ͻʵƤưɫľɫ΢ζ΢ɬִʵΪѡ

ѡ𰸼

1.AҶС֦ƽҶϸСƬ״֦ϡ

2.BҶϱɫɫ±Ұɫë

3.DҶϱɫɫɫϹ⻬±ܱɫë

4.EҶϱ氵ɫխҶ״

ѡ𰸼

1.ACEҩƤǰ׽ڷ硢֬ȡ

2.CEҩоҶҶնԶϸڶںⶼʾǿãƤЧɷ֡

3.ABйҩ䡷øЧҺɫ׷Ƥкⶨ涨ƷƤءƤص1.0%

4.ABйҩ䡷øЧҺɫ׷ⶨǰҩа׻ǰغͰ׻ǰغа׻ǰغ0.90%׻ǰغ0.24%

ҩѧרҵ֪ʶ

һѡ

1.иõгҩǣ

A.̵

B.Һ

C.ٱĿ

D.

E.

2.̵µİ`гҩǣ

A.̵

B.

C.ٱĿ

D.

E.ʯ

3.̵账ɵľҩǣ

A.

B.

C.˪

D.Ƥ

E.()

4.ߣУ41ꡣ֢񡢾¡ؽᡣ̵֤ģѡõгҩǣ

A.Һ

B.ʯ̵

C.

D.̵

E.ٱĿ

5.ʯ̵Ĺǣ

A.ﻯ̵

B.̵

C.ʪ̵

D.̵ֹ

E.λ̵

6.ߣŮ30ꡣ̵ࡢ̵ظơ̵֤Σѡõгҩǣ

A.

B.ʯ̵

C.

D.̵

EٱĿ

ѡ

A.

B.ʱ

C.

D.ζǼ

E.̽ⶾ

1.ߣУ30ꡣð֢񺮡ȡ޺ͷضʹ֫ʹ֤з纮Юʪѡõгҩǣ

2.ߣУ30ꡣð֢ͷʹ޺顢ԡ֤з纮Юʪѡõгҩǣ

A.޽ˮ

B.ʱ

C.

D.϶о

E.¶

3.ߣУ45ꡣйк֢ʹкŻ¡񺮷ȡͷʹԺƣ֤з纮ʳѡõгҩǣ

4.ߣУ45ꡣйк֢Żйк丹ʹͷʹءƦơ֤з纮ʪͣѡõгҩ

5.ߣУ45ꡣйк֢ͷʹƶġкʹ֤ʪʳͣͣѡõгҩǣ

6.ߣУ45ꡣйк֢кʹŻ¡θʷͷʹҽʦΪʪðѡõгҩǣ

ۺϷѡ

ߣŮ30ꡣڴ1죬֢ϡ϶࣬ɫʹķڸС̻ƣؽᣬ죬̦ƣҽʦϺ账衣

1.ҩɲ

A.()

B.ˡ

C.ľͨʯ

D.Ρ

E.ػơ

2.Ĺǣ

A.кͨ

B.ȽⶾѪ

C.кɢֹʹ

D.к𣬻Ѫ

E.к𣬽

ġѡ

1.ʪʢߣѡõIJҩУ

A.ʲ

B.

C.ɽҩ

D.

E.

2.Ӹʲɢͨ΢йƢľɴƲ书ЧУ

A.Ƣ

B.İ

C.ǿ

D.ˮ

E.Ѫͨ

3.εص㣬ȷУ

Aй΢ܲΪ֮Ʒ

B.Ʋ֤

C.֤

D.ƲѪѪ֤ƫ

E.Ʋ֤

塢𰸼

һѡ𰸼

1.D⿼עиá顢Ͽµͷʹѣáƽشáҩڼ䣬ʳ䡢弰ʳȷΪD

2.B⿼Ρ̵µİ`;͵طԼ״׼֤ߡȷΪB

3.A⿼̵ķ̵͡鷽еĵǿ壬Ȼ̵ձڷ֮ʵ̵ʵ𣬹ΪҩҩǾƻˡʣҩdzƤʵߡʡưġ鷽вǡȷΪA

4.B⿼ʯ̵Ρʯ̵̵̵µ񾪼£򴭿̵ؽᡣȷΪB

5.B⿼ʯ̵Ĺܡʯ̵Ĺ̵𡣹ȷΪB

6.D⿼̵Ρ̵λ̵̵µĿ̵ࡢ̵ظơȷΪD

ѡ𰸼

1.DζǼз纮ʪµĸð֢񺮡ȡ޺ͷضʹ֫ʹ

2.Aз纮Юʪµĸð֢ͷʹ޺顢ԡ

3.Bʱз纮ʳ֮йк֢񺮷ȡͷʹơŻ¡ʹк

4.A޽ˮз纮ʪ֮йк,֢ͷʹءƦơ丹ʹŻйк

5.D϶ʪʳ֮ͣйк֢ͷʹƶġкʹ

6.Cʪð֮йк֢ͷʹʹкŻ¡θʣγδ

ۺϷѡ𰸼

1.E⿼鵼ҩɡҩл()ˡ̡ľͨơΡ֡ʯ컨ۡвеػơȷΪE

2.A⿼鵼ĹܡλʢµĿʺʹطȡС̳ࡢؽȡˣ书Ϊкͨ㡣ȷΪA

ġѡ𰸼

1.ABCDE⿼ҩʹע⡣ٸʲζʣʪʪʢ߲˷ꪡ졢ܾ壬ͬáøʲݣףʲ˴÷ڴ£ʪȣʪʢʳȣʹ̵ȿ߼ɷɽҩʪʪʢ߲˷Ǹ£ʪʪʪ̵̼ʪ߼ɷݷ۸壬ʪʪʢ̵Լϡ߼ɷȷΪABCDE

2.ABCE⿼ӵص͹ЧӸʲɢͨ΢йƢƲƢƢ鷦鸡;ǿϥСг;ľİļʧ;ƻѪͨ磬رʹʹʹȷΪABCE

3.ABC⿼εص㡣οй΢ܲġΡΪ֮ƷƲ֤̓ˡβܲѪѪ֤֤ȷΪABC

ҩѧۺ֪ʶ뼼

һѡ

1.ƽ̱Ʒͣõ֤ǣ

A.̵֤

B.֤

C.̵֤

D.֤

E.鵨֤

2.ʹʱʱֹļ̣뵡ԣ׺ͷΣʧ߶Ρ൭죬ұгݺۣ̦ףϸӦѡõηǣ

A.Ѫֹͨʹ

B.Ѫֹͨʹ

C.ͨйǣ̵

D.ɢͨ

E.Ѫͨ

3.Ƹͷʹѡõķǣ

A.к

B.Ϩ

C.İ

D.鹳

E.ǹ

4.Ʋ̵֤ѡõķǣ

A.鹳Ѹ

B.µ

C.Ϩ

D.ɢ

E.к

5.зѪ֤ѡõķǣ

A.

B.Ƣ

C.ػ

D.

E.

6.ĺ֤õ֤ǣ

A.Ѫ֤

B.̵֤

C.֤

D.֤

E.Ѫ֤

ѡ

A.ͨʥɢ

B.Ѫػ

C.

D.ֹʹ

E.

1.ԣ50ꡣѪѪ״Ѫɫʺ죬иʺ죬̦ƣѡõķΪ

2.ԣ40ꡣԵ¡ʹԡߡλʹʹӾ磬ɣѳࡣʺ죬̦壬ѡõķΪ

A.Ӽ

B.˳ѪѪѪӼ

C.׳Ӽ

D.ʹҺӼ

E.ѪӼ

3.ʹޣתѣֱͦѡõķǣ

4.в̶ͬȵʷ෢Ϊʹۻ仯йءѡõķǣ

5.˺ʹ裬˶ʱ䳤ú˴ؽʹҹءѡõķǣ

ѡ

1.аϸ࣬У

A.ϵȾ

B.

C.ǰ

D.ѹۺ

E.

2.ַѪУ

A.

B.

C.

D.˺

E.没

3.ѡܼĿУ

A.Ѫø

B.Ѫ̴ܵ

C.Ѫص

D.Ѫܵ

E.Ѫ

ġ𰸼

һѡ𰸼

1.BҪͷ֤ٴӦ÷ͷ֤ʹƽ̱

2.EҪر֤ηر֤ηΪѪͨ

3.DҪͷʹʹ÷ͷʹΪ鹳

4.BҪ鲻̵֤ٴʹ÷̵֤ûµơ

5.DҪзѪ֤ٴʹ÷зѪ֤ĴDz

6.BҪ̵֤֤ķѡá̵֤֤ѡðĺ

ѡ𰸼

1.B̷˳֤֢ѪѪ״ѪѪɫʺ죬иʺ죬̦׻򱡻ƣѪ磬ѡѪػ

2.Cʪע֤̿ɼѪɫʺ죬϶࣬ѣлȡ̿ɼԵ¡ʹԡߡλʹʹӾ磬ɻ磬ѳࡣʺ죬̦壬ʪֹѪѡ衣

3.BѪ֤˳ѪѪѪơ

4.C纮ʪ֤ö׳ơ

5.DѪ֤ʹҺơ

ѡ𰸼

1.ABCEҪ򳣹ָļ塣аϸϵͳȾססǰסѡABCEѹۺdzѪԡ

2.ABCDEҪѪٴ塣ڲ£Ѫɼ:θʮָߵѪʿɴ55%~77%ɳʼЪԡθ᳦ߵѪʿɴ87%~95%ѪСʳԡˡ޶Խ᳦סȫԼ񰡢԰Ѫ˺عȡ没

3.CEҪѪҺָļ塣ѪѪصⶨɷӳС˹ܣѪⶨΪ׼ȷ;ѪøҪԸκ͹øⶨҪϸε͹ϵͳ;Ѫ̴ܵҪ϶Ӳ;ѪܵҪӳιܡ

ҩѧ

ҩѧרҵ֪ʶһ

һѡ

1.ѪҩⶨЧʱѪʱΪ

A.3ĩ˥

B.5ĩ˥

C.7ĩ˥

D.9ĩ˥

E.11ĩ˥

2.ijҩע󾭹3˥ڣʱҩΪԭģ

A.1/2

B.1/4

C.1/8

D.1/16

E.2

3.˫ģ;עC=Ae-t+Be-tĩŨȶ-ʱֱߵбõǣ

A.(ֲٶȳ)

B.(ٶȳ)

C.A

D.B

E.+

4.ijҩһʹٶȳk=0.h-1,ҩ˥Ϊ

A.8.0h

B.7.3h

C.5.5h

D.4.0h

E.3.7h

5.ijҩijmg,˥Ϊ12h,Ϊ˸ҩﵽЧѪҩŨȣȡ12hҩһεķʽ׼Ϊ

A.mg

B.mg

C.mg

D.mg

E.mg

6.AUCʾ

A.ѪҩŨһʱһ׾

B.ѪҩŨ-ʱ

C.ѪҩŨ

D.ƽ̬ѪҩŨ

E.ѪҩŨ-ҩ

ѡ

A.

B.ϩ춡

C.PLGA

D.֬

E.ά

1.Ʊ΢オIJΪ

2.黯Ϊ

3.֬Ĥ֮һΪ

A.Ҷ

B.һά

C.

D.̼

E.

4.Ȼ߷Ҳǣ

5.ڰϳɸ߷Ҳǣ

6.Ϊ΢Ҳʹõǣ

ѡ

1.Ⱦԭ;У

A.ԭд

B.ܼд

C.þߡܵװõȴ

D.ƱеȾ

E.װʱ

2.עϵָҩƳɵĹעڵģ

A.Һ

B.Һ

C.Һ

D.޾ĩ

E.״Һ

3.עҺʱ˻̿ǣ

A.ԭ

B.ҩȶ

C.ɫ

D.

E.߳

4.עɢϵͳɷΪ

A.Һע

B.Һע

C.ҺעҺ

D.ע޾ĩ

E.߷עҺ

ġ𰸼

һѡ𰸼

1.A⿼ЧƷɼͨɼѪҺƷӦǡ趨Ʒɼʱ䣬ʹաֲࡣʱ䲻3ĩ˥ڡĩӦٲɼ3~4Ʒȷ׼ȷĩбʡ

2.C⿼ǰ˥֮Ĺϵ(1/2)3=1/8

3.B⿼˫ģ;עļ㡣˫ģ;עlgC-t߱ΪԵġ°ࡣԺֱбʿɼٶȳ

4.B⿼ǰ˥ںٶȳϵt1/2=0./k=0./0.=7.3h

6.C⿼Ǹݰ˥ȷҩάX0ΪЧҩڰ˥ڳt1/2,׼άּ2ʱѪҩŨѸܹﵽ̬ѪҩŨȡ׼Ӧmg

6.B⿼ЧԵҩѧAUCѪҩŨ-ʱѪҩŨ-ʱµ(AUC)ҩȡ

ѡ𰸼

1.CPLGAΪFDA׼ɽϡ

2.D֬Ǿע֬黯֬Ĥġ

3.D֬Ǿע֬黯֬Ĥġ

4.CȻ߷Ҳ:ΡǾǡ

5.Bϳɸ߷Ҳ:ȼ׻ά(CMC-Na)ά̪(CAP)һά(EC)׻ά(MC)DZ׻ά(HPMC)

6.Aϳɸ߷Ҳ:ٷオ⣬;ڿオ⣬̼۰ᡢ(PLA)ҽȡҶΪ΢Ҳʹá

ѡ𰸼

1.ABCD⿼Ⱦԭ;Ⱦԭ;ƼӴĻڡװƼ֮İװӴƼ

2.ABCDE⿼עࡣעΪעҺע޾ĩעŨҺעҺְҺ͡״Һͺͻ͡

3.ACE⿼עҩҺơ̿ǶʾãעҺҪԭɫ߳ȵá̿ҩȶԣҲεá

4.ABCE⿼עķࡣעɢϵͳͷӡ߷ܽ͡ҺͺͻҺ͡

ҩѧרҵ֪ʶ

һѡ

1.ϲƼϵͳȾΪ

A.ԼҺŨȽϵ

B.ϵͳӦ

C.ײܸ

D.ϵͳȾҩ

E.ڰ˥ڶ

2.ͷù࿹ҩƵҩǣ

A.һͷ߾

B.ڶͷ߾

C.ͷ߾

D.Ĵͷ߾

E.̼ùϩ

3.ϵص㲻

A.Ͷù༰ͷ߾޽

B.Ĥ

C.ʱԿҩ

D.Ѫ˥ڽ϶

E.޿غЧӦ

3.غͷ߾ߣùûн淴ӦĦ-ҩǣ

A.ͷ

B.ͷŵ

C.ͷ

D.ͷ

E.

4.кǿõǣ

A.ĸԸ˾

B.

C.Ծ(ɫ)

D.

E.ѿխʳ

6.صǣ

A.ڷҩȫԸȾ

B.ֻԷֳϸɱ

C.Իпǿ

D.ռһθҩɴﵽɱЧ

E.޿غЧӦ

ѡ

A.Na+-K+-2CI-ͬת

B.ø

C.Na+-CI-ת

D.̼ø

E.K+-Na+

1.ҩõðеǣ

2.ҩõðеǣ

3.ҩӿãΪƣ

4.ҩHCO3-йΪƣ

5.ҩڷÿѪأΪӴٽԶСܵģ

ѡ

1.ҩص

A.ڷҩѸٶȫ

B.پлԭҩй

C.Ŵǿີ10

D.Ŵ̼øǿɤ

E.ҩﵰ׽ʲϴ

2.йУ

A.Na+

B.K+

C.Mg2+

D.H+

E.CI-

3.ҩõУ

A.Ƥʼ

B.Ƽ

C.

D.

E.

4.ҩӸ߼Ѫ֢յУ

A.߻

B.ղ

C.

D.

E.ɳ̹

ġ𰸼

һѡ𰸼

1.A⿼ϵٴӦע⡣ԼҺŨȽϵͣƼϵͳȾȷΪA

2.B⿼ͷù࿹ҩҩáͷù࿹ҩڶͷ߾ƣԴצ-øȶҶ˾пԡȷΪB

3.B⿼鰱ϵص㡣(1)ΪʱԿҩѪ˥ڽ϶̣޿غЧӦϸӴҩʱ䳤ء(2)ϾеͶù༰ͷ߾޽ŵ㣬ʿڶùࡢͷ߾Ļߡ(3)ϲԼҺĤסȷΪB

4.E⿼鰱ϵص㡣Ψϵùûн淴ӦĦ࣬ùغͷ߾ߡȷΪE

5.A⿼鰱ҩáԶĸԸ˾кǿãƷֶ̼ͭٵ߿ԣԸܲɪĤɪýϲѿխʳв˻¾ûл;ԶԾýϲԽɫнϺÿ;ԸЧȷΪA

6.D⿼鰱ص㡣ҩθղȫԸȾʱעҩҩΪŨЧɱԷֳں;ֹڵϸɱáڼԻпǿԸ͸Ը˾ԵĿغЧӦ(postantibioticeffect,PAE)Լ0.5~7.5СʱռһθҩٸҩﵽɱЧͬʱͲӦȷΪD

ѡ𰸼

1.AҩԵCl-λ϶Ʒֲ֧ǻĤϵNa+-K+-2Cl-ͬתӶá

2.CǿNaClˮųºͳ־õáûԶСܽǻNa+-Cl-תӵĹܣɴ˼СƤϸNa+CI-գٽСҺNa+Cl-ˮųתԶСܵNa+ӣٽK+-Na+

3.BøԵã˻(CAMP)ֽʹԶСܺͼϹϸںӣָˮͨ͸ԺգͬʱNa+Cl-ųӣѪ͸ѹ½֢Ŀڿʶˮ٣ٶ߿ã֢ѹЧĴ֢

4.DгųNa+Cl-⣬K+йҲ࣬ڷÿѪء̼øһãHCO3-й

5.EǿNaClˮųºͳ־õáûԶСܽǻNa+-Cl-תӵĹܣɴ˼СƤϸNa+CI-գٽСҺNa+Cl-ˮųתԶСܵNa+ӣٽK+-Na+

ѡ𰸼

1.ABCDE⿼ҩص㡣(1)еҩûעͣڷҩѸٶȫ(2)ͨڷ1СʱЧóʱΪ4~48Сʱȣܴ󡣸ҩΪ֬Դҩ(ຳ)нϴֲݻϵ͵ʣʱϳ;ҩﵰ׽ʲϴ(3)ҩپлԭҩйС˹󾭹ԶСܽ˱лӹתŵǻС(4)ҩЧʱƣõάʱ(24Сʱ)ǿϣŴǿີ10Ŵ̼øҲǿມ(5)ҩͨҩÿ1ΣЧҹҹӰ˯ߡȷΪABCDE

2.AE⿼ȩͪϼҩûơл￲ͪĽṹȩͪƣϵеƤʼ壬ֹȩͪ-帴ĺתλȩͪãNa+-K+Na+⣬ҩҲܸϸȩͪԴлγɣӰ̸õijַӣֳNa+CI-ˮй࣬K+Mg2+յй١ȷΪAE

3.ABCDE⿼ҩҩ໥áҩƤʼء΢أǽ忹ҩ(ӡ)ãüȷΪABCDE

4.BDE⿼ҩҩ໥á(1)ҩ뺬ҩѪܽϵͳԵҩ[Bҩ(ղ)ACEI()ARB(ɳ̹)]ãӸíѪ֢ķա(2)߻סິٽصйिҩʹԤ߼Ѫ֢ķȷΪBDE

ҩѧۺ֪ʶ뼼

һѡ

1.ߣŮ65꣬ȶĽʹðƣҩʦӦ֪ÿӦԲʣϢʿڣ

A.35~40/

B.40~45/

C.55~60/

D.65~70/

E.75~80/

2.޽֤£ϼӦΪȶĽʹijʼҩл˲æϼΪʼҩǣ

A.񼷿ṦҵȶĽʹ

B.Ķ͸߶ȷҴ͵ȶĽʹ

C.ѪܱԼȶĽʹ

D.ĶٵȶĽʹ

E.֧ȶĽʹ

3.ߣŮ2꣬йIJ졣ΪͻѪ˨Բ֢ӦĶԤҩǣ

A.˾ƥ75mg/d

B.75mg/d

C.mg/d

D.⻯ɵ5mg/d

E.mg/d

4.ߣУ52꣬IJֲ֧룬Ժð˾ƥ֡׽жԤӦ֪ҩڼõҩǣ

A.

B.ɽ

C.

D.

E.

5.Թ״ۺ˨󣬿ɲøؽпƣʹͨӦ⣨

A.BUN

B.Ser

C.APTT

D.AST

E.CK

6.ߣУ57꣬Թ״ۺԺƣסԺ15dʱֻƤгѪ㣬Ϊҩ£һ֢״ҩǣ

A.

B.˾ƥ

C.

D.

E.

ѡ

A.Ѫ

B.Ƽܽ

C.ϸ

D.˨

E.׿

1.ù͡ҩãӵķǣ

2.Ӣ뻪ֺãӵķǣ

3.װʺãӵķǣ

A.ȵ

B.

C.ǰ

D.

E.

4.ڼãϸȱ-6-øѪҩǣ

5.ڼḁֳ̃ϵͳ쳣ָ(ֺ)εҩǣ

6.ڼḁ̃Է쳣ҩǣ

7.ڼḁ̃ݡ쳣ǣ

ѡ

1.ԵҩУ

A.˾ƥ

B.ù

C.ùB

D.ƽ

E.ǰ

2.ֲߣʹƼԭ

A.ϸҩٸҩļ

B.ƶ廯ҩ

C.ҪʱӦѪҩŨȼ

D.


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